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Departments » Herbal Medicine » Materia Medica » Silybum marianum

Note - the monographs are provided for informational purposes only, and are not to be used for self-medication.


Silybum marianum (Milk Thistle)

Botanic Name Silybum marianum
Common Name Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, St Mary’s Thistle
Family Compositae
Parts Used Seed
Habitat Dry and rocky waste places in southern and western Europe, locally in North America 3
Constituents Flavones (Silymarin comprised of silybin, silydianin, silychristin) 2

Essential oils 2

Bitter principle 2

Mucilage 2

Flavonoid (Quercetin) 6

Tannins 6

Fixed Oil 6

Actions Cholagogue 2

Galactogogue 2

Demulcent 2

Regenerating and protecting liver cells against liver toxins 3

Glutathione deficiency corrector 6

Applications Chronic liver disease 3

Liver rehabilitation after hepatitis 3

Gall-bladder disease 3

Alcohol, drug, dietary abuse 3

Exposure to chemicals that threaten normal liver function 3

Poor milk production in feeding mothers 2

Jaundice 6

Varicose Veins 6

Allergies associated with liver damage 6

Body Systems Digestive (accessory organs to digestion), Reproductive, Cardio Vascular
Energetics Promotes bowel movements and relieves constipation.

Stimulates the liver and gall bladder, breaks up obstructions and promotes bowel movements.

Choleretic, and chologogue laxative. 4

Dosage 1 - 4 gms dried seeds tds 3

Liquid Extract 1:1 45% 1.5 – 3mls tds 6

Combinations  
C/I Cautions None
BHP Exposure to liver toxins

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Revised: May 20, 2002 .