Note - the monographs are provided for informational purposes only, and are not to be used for self-medication.
Common name: Stinging Nettle
Description: A common perennial with a square bristly stem 2-3 feet high, with opposite cordate petiolate deeply serrated pointed leaves which are downy underneath. Covered in rigid stinging hairs which contain an irritating fluid. Small greenish flowers in axillary clusters bloom in summer.
Habitat: Common in waste places, roadsides, along fences, stockyards, overgrazed paddocks.
Part used: Aerial parts (4)
Root = benign prostatic hypertrophy (10)
Qualities: astringent, bit sweet & salty, cool, dry, nourishing, restoring, stabilizing, stimulating, dissolving. (9)
Active Constituents: Flavonoids (glycosides of quercetin, kaempferol), chlorophyll; in stinging hairs = formic acid, histamine, volatile & resin acids; silica, glucoquinone, tannins, enzyme secretin, hormones, minerals (Ca, K, Si, Fe, Mn, S, Vit C, A & K) (2)
Actions: (2) * Depurative
Indications:(2) * Arthritis, Gout
Specific Indication: Nervous eczema & internal & external for rheumatic conditions (3)
Dosage: (10) FE 1:1 25% 3-4mls tds
1:2 1-4mls tds
Tincture: 1:5 45% 2-6mls tds
Dried herb: 2-4gm (2)
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Revised: May 20, 2002 .